[PHP][7.1]ソースファイルからインストールする

環境

今回、インストールを行った環境は、以下の通りです。

  • CentOS 7.3
  • httpd 2.2.31
  • MySQL 5.7.16

インストールするものは、以下です。

  • PHP 7.1.0

ソースファイルのダウンロード

PHP 7.1.0 のソースファイルは、以下のサイトからダウンロードできます。

インストール

コンパイルオプション

どのようなコンパイルオプションがあるのか、見ておきましょう。
たくさんありすぎて大変です。。。

# ./configure --help
`configure' configures this package to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: ./configure [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE. See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.

Configuration:
 -h, --help display this help and exit
 --help=short display options specific to this package
 --help=recursive display the short help of all the included packages
 -V, --version display version information and exit
 -q, --quiet, --silent do not print `checking ...' messages
 --cache-file=FILE cache test results in FILE [disabled]
 -C, --config-cache alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'
 -n, --no-create do not create output files
 --srcdir=DIR find the sources in DIR [configure dir or `..']

Installation directories:
 --prefix=PREFIX install architecture-independent files in PREFIX
 [/usr/local]
 --exec-prefix=EPREFIX install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX
 [PREFIX]

By default, `make install' will install all the files in
`/usr/local/bin', `/usr/local/lib' etc. You can specify
an installation prefix other than `/usr/local' using `--prefix',
for instance `--prefix=$HOME'.

For better control, use the options below.

Fine tuning of the installation directories:
 --bindir=DIR user executables [EPREFIX/bin]
 --sbindir=DIR system admin executables [EPREFIX/sbin]
 --libexecdir=DIR program executables [EPREFIX/libexec]
 --sysconfdir=DIR read-only single-machine data [PREFIX/etc]
 --sharedstatedir=DIR modifiable architecture-independent data [PREFIX/com]
 --localstatedir=DIR modifiable single-machine data [PREFIX/var]
 --libdir=DIR object code libraries [EPREFIX/lib]
 --includedir=DIR C header files [PREFIX/include]
 --oldincludedir=DIR C header files for non-gcc [/usr/include]
 --datarootdir=DIR read-only arch.-independent data root [PREFIX/share]
 --datadir=DIR read-only architecture-independent data [DATAROOTDIR]
 --infodir=DIR info documentation [DATAROOTDIR/info]
 --localedir=DIR locale-dependent data [DATAROOTDIR/locale]
 --mandir=DIR man documentation [DATAROOTDIR/man]
 --docdir=DIR documentation root [DATAROOTDIR/doc/PACKAGE]
 --htmldir=DIR html documentation [DOCDIR]
 --dvidir=DIR dvi documentation [DOCDIR]
 --pdfdir=DIR pdf documentation [DOCDIR]
 --psdir=DIR ps documentation [DOCDIR]

System types:
 --build=BUILD configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
 --host=HOST cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
 --target=TARGET configure for building compilers for TARGET [HOST]

Optional Features and Packages:
 --disable-option-checking ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
 --disable-FEATURE do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
 --enable-FEATURE[=ARG] include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
 --with-PACKAGE[=ARG] use PACKAGE [ARG=yes]
 --without-PACKAGE do not use PACKAGE (same as --with-PACKAGE=no)
 --with-libdir=NAME Look for libraries in .../NAME rather than .../lib
 --disable-rpath Disable passing additional runtime library
 search paths
 --enable-re2c-cgoto Enable -g flag to re2c to use computed goto gcc extension
 --disable-gcc-global-regs
 whether to enable GCC global register variables

SAPI modules:

 --with-apxs2=FILE Build shared Apache 2.0 Handler module. FILE is the optional
 pathname to the Apache apxs tool apxs
 --disable-cli Disable building CLI version of PHP
 (this forces --without-pear)
 --enable-embed=TYPE EXPERIMENTAL: Enable building of embedded SAPI library
 TYPE is either 'shared' or 'static'. TYPE=shared
 --enable-fpm Enable building of the fpm SAPI executable
 --with-fpm-user=USER Set the user for php-fpm to run as. (default: nobody)
 --with-fpm-group=GRP Set the group for php-fpm to run as. For a system user, this
 should usually be set to match the fpm username (default: nobody)
 --with-fpm-systemd Activate systemd integration
 --with-fpm-acl Use POSIX Access Control Lists
 --with-litespeed Build PHP as litespeed module
 --enable-phpdbg Build phpdbg
 --enable-phpdbg-webhelper Build phpdbg web SAPI support
 --enable-phpdbg-debug Build phpdbg in debug mode
 --disable-cgi Disable building CGI version of PHP

General settings:

 --enable-gcov Enable GCOV code coverage (requires LTP) - FOR DEVELOPERS ONLY!!
 --enable-debug Compile with debugging symbols
 --with-layout=TYPE Set how installed files will be laid out. Type can
 be either PHP or GNU [PHP]
 --with-config-file-path=PATH
 Set the path in which to look for php.ini [PREFIX/lib]
 --with-config-file-scan-dir=PATH
 Set the path where to scan for configuration files
 --enable-sigchild Enable PHP's own SIGCHLD handler
 --enable-libgcc Enable explicitly linking against libgcc
 --disable-short-tags Disable the short-form <? start tag by default
 --enable-dmalloc Enable dmalloc
 --disable-ipv6 Disable IPv6 support
 --enable-dtrace Enable DTrace support
 --enable-fd-setsize Set size of descriptor sets

Extensions:

 --with-EXTENSION=shared[,PATH]

 NOTE: Not all extensions can be build as 'shared'.

 Example: --with-foobar=shared,/usr/local/foobar/

 o Builds the foobar extension as shared extension.
 o foobar package install prefix is /usr/local/foobar/


 --disable-all Disable all extensions which are enabled by default

 --disable-libxml Disable LIBXML support
 --with-libxml-dir=DIR LIBXML: libxml2 install prefix
 --with-openssl=DIR Include OpenSSL support (requires OpenSSL >= 1.0.1)
 --with-kerberos=DIR OPENSSL: Include Kerberos support
 --with-system-ciphers OPENSSL: Use system default cipher list instead of hardcoded value
 --with-pcre-regex=DIR Include Perl Compatible Regular Expressions support.
 DIR is the PCRE install prefix BUNDLED
 --with-pcre-jit Enable PCRE JIT functionality
 --without-sqlite3=DIR Do not include SQLite3 support. DIR is the prefix to
 SQLite3 installation directory.
 --with-zlib=DIR Include ZLIB support (requires zlib >= 1.0.9)
 --with-zlib-dir=<DIR> Define the location of zlib install directory
 --enable-bcmath Enable bc style precision math functions
 --with-bz2=DIR Include BZip2 support
 --enable-calendar Enable support for calendar conversion
 --disable-ctype Disable ctype functions
 --with-curl=DIR Include cURL support
 --enable-dba Build DBA with bundled modules. To build shared DBA
 extension use --enable-dba=shared
 --with-qdbm=DIR DBA: QDBM support
 --with-gdbm=DIR DBA: GDBM support
 --with-ndbm=DIR DBA: NDBM support
 --with-db4=DIR DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 4.x or 5.x support
 --with-db3=DIR DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 3.x support
 --with-db2=DIR DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 2.x support
 --with-db1=DIR DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 1.x support/emulation
 --with-dbm=DIR DBA: DBM support
 --with-tcadb=DIR DBA: Tokyo Cabinet abstract DB support
 --without-cdb=DIR DBA: CDB support (bundled)
 --disable-inifile DBA: INI support (bundled)
 --disable-flatfile DBA: FlatFile support (bundled)
 --disable-dom Disable DOM support
 --with-libxml-dir=DIR DOM: libxml2 install prefix
 --with-enchant=DIR Include enchant support.
 GNU Aspell version 1.1.3 or higher required.
 --enable-exif Enable EXIF (metadata from images) support
 --disable-fileinfo Disable fileinfo support
 --disable-filter Disable input filter support
 --with-pcre-dir FILTER: pcre install prefix
 --enable-ftp Enable FTP support
 --with-openssl-dir=DIR FTP: openssl install prefix
 --with-gd=DIR Include GD support. DIR is the GD library base
 install directory BUNDLED
 --with-webp-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to libwebp install prefix
 --with-jpeg-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to libjpeg install prefix
 --with-png-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to libpng install prefix
 --with-zlib-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to libz install prefix
 --with-xpm-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to libXpm install prefix
 --with-freetype-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to FreeType 2 install prefix
 --enable-gd-native-ttf GD: Enable TrueType string function
 --enable-gd-jis-conv GD: Enable JIS-mapped Japanese font support
 --with-gettext=DIR Include GNU gettext support
 --with-gmp=DIR Include GNU MP support
 --with-mhash=DIR Include mhash support
 --disable-hash Disable hash support
 --without-iconv=DIR Exclude iconv support
 --with-imap=DIR Include IMAP support. DIR is the c-client install prefix
 --with-kerberos=DIR IMAP: Include Kerberos support. DIR is the Kerberos install prefix
 --with-imap-ssl=DIR IMAP: Include SSL support. DIR is the OpenSSL install prefix
 --with-interbase=DIR Include Firebird support. DIR is the Firebird base
 install directory /opt/firebird
 --enable-intl Enable internationalization support
 --with-icu-dir=DIR Specify where ICU libraries and headers can be found
 --disable-json Disable JavaScript Object Serialization support
 --with-ldap=DIR Include LDAP support
 --with-ldap-sasl=DIR LDAP: Include Cyrus SASL support
 --enable-mbstring Enable multibyte string support
 --disable-mbregex MBSTRING: Disable multibyte regex support
 --disable-mbregex-backtrack
 MBSTRING: Disable multibyte regex backtrack check
 --with-libmbfl=DIR MBSTRING: Use external libmbfl. DIR is the libmbfl base
 install directory BUNDLED
 --with-onig=DIR MBSTRING: Use external oniguruma. DIR is the oniguruma install prefix.
 If DIR is not set, the bundled oniguruma will be used
 --with-mcrypt=DIR Include mcrypt support
 --with-mysqli=FILE Include MySQLi support. FILE is the path
 to mysql_config. If no value or mysqlnd is passed
 as FILE, the MySQL native driver will be used
 --enable-embedded-mysqli
 MYSQLi: Enable embedded support
 Note: Does not work with MySQL native driver!
 --with-mysql-sock=SOCKPATH
 MySQLi/PDO_MYSQL: Location of the MySQL unix socket pointer.
 If unspecified, the default locations are searched
 --with-oci8=DIR Include Oracle Database OCI8 support. DIR defaults to $ORACLE_HOME.
 Use --with-oci8=instantclient,/path/to/instant/client/lib
 to use an Oracle Instant Client installation
 --with-odbcver=HEX Force support for the passed ODBC version. A hex number is expected, default 0x0350.
 Use the special value of 0 to prevent an explicit ODBCVER to be defined.
 --with-adabas=DIR Include Adabas D support /usr/local
 --with-sapdb=DIR Include SAP DB support /usr/local
 --with-solid=DIR Include Solid support /usr/local/solid
 --with-ibm-db2=DIR Include IBM DB2 support /home/db2inst1/sqllib
 --with-ODBCRouter=DIR Include ODBCRouter.com support /usr
 --with-empress=DIR Include Empress support \$EMPRESSPATH
 (Empress Version >= 8.60 required)
 --with-empress-bcs=DIR
 Include Empress Local Access support \$EMPRESSPATH
 (Empress Version >= 8.60 required)
 --with-birdstep=DIR Include Birdstep support /usr/local/birdstep
 --with-custom-odbc=DIR Include user defined ODBC support. DIR is ODBC install base
 directory /usr/local. Make sure to define CUSTOM_ODBC_LIBS and
 have some odbc.h in your include dirs. f.e. you should define
 following for Sybase SQL Anywhere 5.5.00 on QNX, prior to
 running this configure script:
 CPPFLAGS=\"-DODBC_QNX -DSQLANY_BUG\"
 LDFLAGS=-lunix
 CUSTOM_ODBC_LIBS=\"-ldblib -lodbc\"
 --with-iodbc=DIR Include iODBC support /usr/local
 --with-esoob=DIR Include Easysoft OOB support /usr/local/easysoft/oob/client
 --with-unixODBC=DIR Include unixODBC support /usr/local
 --with-dbmaker=DIR Include DBMaker support
 --disable-opcache Disable Zend OPcache support
 --disable-opcache-file Disable file based caching
 --disable-huge-code-pages
 Disable copying PHP CODE pages into HUGE PAGES
 --enable-pcntl Enable pcntl support (CLI/CGI only)
 --disable-pdo Disable PHP Data Objects support
 --with-pdo-dblib=DIR PDO: DBLIB-DB support. DIR is the FreeTDS home directory
 --with-pdo-firebird=DIR PDO: Firebird support. DIR is the Firebird base
 install directory /opt/firebird
 --with-pdo-mysql=DIR PDO: MySQL support. DIR is the MySQL base directory
 If no value or mysqlnd is passed as DIR, the
 MySQL native driver will be used
 --with-zlib-dir=DIR PDO_MySQL: Set the path to libz install prefix
 --with-pdo-oci=DIR PDO: Oracle OCI support. DIR defaults to \$ORACLE_HOME.
 Use --with-pdo-oci=instantclient,prefix,version
 for an Oracle Instant Client SDK.
 For example on Linux with 11.2 RPMs use:
 --with-pdo-oci=instantclient,/usr,11.2
 With 10.2 RPMs use:
 --with-pdo-oci=instantclient,/usr,10.2.0.4
 --with-pdo-odbc=flavour,dir
 PDO: Support for 'flavour' ODBC driver.
 include and lib dirs are looked for under 'dir'.

 'flavour' can be one of: ibm-db2, iODBC, unixODBC, generic
 If ',dir' part is omitted, default for the flavour
 you have selected will be used. e.g.:

 --with-pdo-odbc=unixODBC

 will check for unixODBC under /usr/local. You may attempt
 to use an otherwise unsupported driver using the \"generic\"
 flavour. The syntax for generic ODBC support is:

 --with-pdo-odbc=generic,dir,libname,ldflags,cflags

 When built as 'shared' the extension filename is always pdo_odbc.so
 --with-pdo-pgsql=DIR PDO: PostgreSQL support. DIR is the PostgreSQL base
 install directory or the path to pg_config
 --without-pdo-sqlite=DIR
 PDO: sqlite 3 support. DIR is the sqlite base
 install directory BUNDLED
 --with-pgsql=DIR Include PostgreSQL support. DIR is the PostgreSQL
 base install directory or the path to pg_config
 --disable-phar Disable phar support
 --disable-posix Disable POSIX-like functions
 --with-pspell=DIR Include PSPELL support.
 GNU Aspell version 0.50.0 or higher required
 --with-libedit=DIR Include libedit readline replacement (CLI/CGI only)
 --with-readline=DIR Include readline support (CLI/CGI only)
 --with-recode=DIR Include recode support
 --disable-session Disable session support
 --with-mm=DIR SESSION: Include mm support for session storage
 --enable-shmop Enable shmop support
 --disable-simplexml Disable SimpleXML support
 --with-libxml-dir=DIR SimpleXML: libxml2 install prefix
 --with-snmp=DIR Include SNMP support
 --with-openssl-dir=DIR SNMP: openssl install prefix
 --enable-soap Enable SOAP support
 --with-libxml-dir=DIR SOAP: libxml2 install prefix
 --enable-sockets Enable sockets support
 --enable-sysvmsg Enable sysvmsg support
 --enable-sysvsem Enable System V semaphore support
 --enable-sysvshm Enable the System V shared memory support
 --with-tidy=DIR Include TIDY support
 --disable-tokenizer Disable tokenizer support
 --enable-wddx Enable WDDX support
 --with-libxml-dir=DIR WDDX: libxml2 install prefix
 --with-libexpat-dir=DIR WDDX: libexpat dir for XMLRPC-EPI (deprecated)
 --disable-xml Disable XML support
 --with-libxml-dir=DIR XML: libxml2 install prefix
 --with-libexpat-dir=DIR XML: libexpat install prefix (deprecated)
 --disable-xmlreader Disable XMLReader support
 --with-libxml-dir=DIR XMLReader: libxml2 install prefix
 --with-xmlrpc=DIR Include XMLRPC-EPI support
 --with-libxml-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: libxml2 install prefix
 --with-libexpat-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: libexpat dir for XMLRPC-EPI (deprecated)
 --with-iconv-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: iconv dir for XMLRPC-EPI
 --disable-xmlwriter Disable XMLWriter support
 --with-libxml-dir=DIR XMLWriter: libxml2 install prefix
 --with-xsl=DIR Include XSL support. DIR is the libxslt base
 install directory (libxslt >= 1.1.0 required)
 --enable-zip Include Zip read/write support
 --with-zlib-dir=DIR ZIP: Set the path to libz install prefix
 --with-pcre-dir ZIP: pcre install prefix
 --with-libzip=DIR ZIP: use libzip
 --enable-mysqlnd Enable mysqlnd explicitly, will be done implicitly
 when required by other extensions
 --disable-mysqlnd-compression-support
 Disable support for the MySQL compressed protocol in mysqlnd
 --with-zlib-dir=DIR mysqlnd: Set the path to libz install prefix

PEAR:

 --with-pear=DIR Install PEAR in DIR [PREFIX/lib/php]
 --without-pear Do not install PEAR

Zend:

 --enable-maintainer-zts Enable thread safety - for code maintainers only!!
 --disable-inline-optimization
 If building zend_execute.lo fails, try this switch
 --disable-zend-signals whether to enable zend signal handling

TSRM:

 --with-tsrm-pth=pth-config
 Use GNU Pth
 --with-tsrm-st Use SGI's State Threads
 --with-tsrm-pthreads Use POSIX threads (default)

Libtool:

 --enable-shared=PKGS Build shared libraries default=yes
 --enable-static=PKGS Build static libraries default=yes
 --enable-fast-install=PKGS
 Optimize for fast installation default=yes
 --with-gnu-ld Assume the C compiler uses GNU ld default=no
 --disable-libtool-lock Avoid locking (might break parallel builds)
 --with-pic Try to use only PIC/non-PIC objects default=use both
 --with-tags=TAGS Include additional configurations automatic


Some influential environment variables:
 CC C compiler command
 CFLAGS C compiler flags
 LDFLAGS linker flags, e.g. -L<lib dir> if you have libraries in a
 nonstandard directory <lib dir>
 LIBS libraries to pass to the linker, e.g. -l<library>
 CPPFLAGS (Objective) C/C++ preprocessor flags, e.g. -I<include dir> if
 you have headers in a nonstandard directory <include dir>
 CPP C preprocessor
 YACC The `Yet Another Compiler Compiler' implementation to use.
 Defaults to the first program found out of: `bison -y', `byacc',
 `yacc'.
 YFLAGS The list of arguments that will be passed by default to $YACC.
 This script will default YFLAGS to the empty string to avoid a
 default value of `-d' given by some make applications.
 CXX C++ compiler command
 CXXFLAGS C++ compiler flags
 CXXCPP C++ preprocessor

Use these variables to override the choices made by `configure' or to help
it to find libraries and programs with nonstandard names/locations.

Report bugs to the package provider.

コンパイル

httpd と mysql で利用できるようにオプションをつけてコンパイルしてみました。
PHP 7.x では「–with-mysql」は使えなくなっているようです。代わりに「–with-mysqli」を使いましょう。

# ./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/php-7.1.0 \
--enable-sockets
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-calendar \
--enable-gd-jis-conv \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-intl \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-pcntl \
--enable-soap \
--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs \
--with-curl=/usr/local/curl \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-gettext \
--with-gd \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-libxml-dir \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-mhash \
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config \
--with-openssl \
--with-pcre-dir \
--with-pear \
--with-png-dir \
--with-readline \
--with-xsl \
--with-zlib

コンパイル時のエラー

configure: error: png.h not found.

このエラーが出てしまう場合は、libpng-develをインストールしましょう。

# yum install libpng-devel

configure: error: Unable to detect ICU prefix or no failed.

このエラーが出てしまう場合は、libicu-develをインストールしましょう。

# yum install libicu-devel

configure: error: mcrypt.h not found.

このエラーが出てしまう場合は、libmcrypt-develをインストールしましょう。

# yum install libmcrypt-devel

configure: error: Please reinstall readline

このエラーが出てしまう場合は、readline-develをインストールしましょう。

# yum install readline-devel

configure: error: xslt-config not found.

このエラーが出てしまう場合は、libxslt-develをインストールしましょう。

# yum install libxslt-devel

make

コンパイルが完了したら、インストールしてしまいましょう。

# make
# make test
# make install

インストール後

シンボリックリンク作成

make install が終わったら、PHP 7 のディレクトリにシンボリックリンクを張っておきます。

# cd /usr/local
# ls -l | grep php
drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 60 Dec 25 08:29 php-7.1.0
# ln -s php-7.1.0 php
# ls -l | grep php
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 Jan 1 18:53 php -> php-7.1.0
drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 60 Dec 25 08:29 php-7.1.0

php.iniファイルの配置

PHPのソースファイルには、設定ファイル「php.ini」の雛形が含まれています。
ソースファイルを展開して生成されるディレクトリの直下に、以下のファイルが存在しています。

# cd /usr/local/src/php-7.1.0
# ls -l | grep php.ini
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root 70981 Dec 2 11:07 php.ini-development
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root 71013 Dec 2 11:07 php.ini-production

それぞれ、商用環境向けと開発環境向けを想定しているようです。
どういった差異があるか確認してみました。

# diff php.ini-production php.ini-development
86c86
< ; This is php.ini-production INI file.
---
> ; This is php.ini-development INI file.
460c460
< error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_DEPRECATED & ~E_STRICT
---
> error_reporting = E_ALL
477c477
< display_errors = Off
---
> display_errors = On
488c488
< display_startup_errors = Off
---
> display_startup_errors = On
532c532
< track_errors = Off
---
> track_errors = On
1200c1200
< mysqlnd.collect_memory_statistics = Off
---
> mysqlnd.collect_memory_statistics = On
1578c1578
< zend.assertions = -1
---
> zend.assertions = 1
1899c1899
< ;opcache.huge_code_pages=1
---
> ;opcache.huge_code_pages=0

サーバの用途に合わせて選択しましょう。
(いずれにしても、細かい部分は個別に設定するでしょうし。)

# cp -ip php.ini-production /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini

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